Geography – India

Delhi Law Academy


  • Total population of India has reached 121 crores—comprising 62.37 crore males and 58.65 crore females.
  • Population growth during the decade is 17.64%.
  • Population density stands at 382 persons/km2
  • Sex ratio is 940 females/1000 males
  • Child sex ratio is 914 females/1000 males
  • Literacy rate has gone up from 64.83% in 2001 to 74.04% in 2011
  • Thane district in Maharashtra is most populated district (110,54,131)
  • Dibang Valley of Arunachal Pradesh is the least populated district
  • Serchhip district of Mizoram has literacy rate of 98.76%
  • Alirajpur in MP is the least literate district (37.22%)
  • Uttar Pradesh is most populated state (19.96 crores)
  • Lakshadweep is the least populated UT • Sikkim is least populated state of India (607,688)
  • Delhi NCR has highest density/km2 of 11,297 persons
  • Arunachal Pradesh has least population density of 17 persons/km2
  • Kerala has maintained highest sex ratio figure of 1084 females/1000 males
  • Daman and Diu has least sex ratio (618) among UTs
  • Haryana has least sex ratio (877) among states
  • Kerala has highest literacy rate of 93.91%
  • Bihar has least literacy rate among states (63.82%), however, Bihar recorded highest growth in literacy rate in decade 2001-2011.


  States Union Territories
Largest population Uttar Pradesh [19,95,81,477] NCT of Delhi [1,67,53,235]; followed by Puducherry [12,44,464]
Smallest population Sikkim [6,07,688] Lakshadweep [64,429]
Largest area Rajasthan [3,42,239 km2] Andaman & Nicobar Islands [8279 km2]
Smallest area Goa [3,702 km2] Lakshadweep [32 km2]
Highest density of population Bihar [1102 persons/km2] NCT of Delhi [11,297 persons/km2] followed by Chandigarh [9252 persons/km2]
Lowest density of population Arunachal Pradesh [17 persons/km2] Andaman & Nicobar Islands [46 persons/km2]
More females (highest sex ratio) Kerala [1084 females per 1000 males] Puducherry [1038 females per 1000 males]
More males (lowest sex ratio) Haryana [877 females per1000 males] Daman & Diu [616 females per 1000 males]
Highest literacy rate Kerala [93.91%] Lakshadweep [92.28%]
Lowest literacy rate Bihar [63.82%] Dadar & Nagar Havali [77.65%]
State touching maximum number of boundaries of other states Uttar Pradesh [Haryana, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Rajasthan]—total 8 states
Largest Distrct Kachchh (Gujarat) [45,652 km2]
Smallest District Mahe (Puducherry) [9 km2]
Tropic of Cancer passes through 8 states Mizoram, Tripura, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Chhatisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Gujarat
Indian Standard Meridian (82° 20′ E Meridian) passes through 5 states Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana