Nagaland Judicial Service Grade – I Jan 2013- Paper – I
Nagaland Judicial Service Grade – I Jan 2013- Paper – I Question Paper
Total marks – 100 Duration – 3 hours
1. Write essays on any two of the following topics :
(i) Mediation – its importance and relevance.
(ii) Reporting of Court proceedings by media and the administration of justice.
(iii) Right to Education.
2. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow the passage:
Ocean water plays an indispensable role in supporting life. The great ocean basins hold about 300 million cubic miles of water. From this vast amount, about 80,000 cubic miles of water are sucked into the atmosphere each year by evaporation and returned by precipitation and drainage to the ocean. More than 24,000 cubic miles of rain descend annually upon the continents. This vast amount is required to replenish the lakes and streams, springs and water tables on which all flora and fauna are dependent. Thus, the hydrosphere permits organic existence.
The hydrosphere has strange characteristics because water has properties unlike those of any other liquid. One anomaly is that water upon freezing expands by about 9 percent, whereas most liquids contract on cooling. For this reason, ice floats on water bodies instead of sinking to the bottom. If the ice sank, the hydrosphere would soon be frozen solidly, except for a thin layer of surface melt water during the summer season. Thus, all aquatic life would be destroyed and the interchange of warm and cold currents, which moderates climate, would be notably absent.
Another outstanding characteristic of water is that water has a heat capacity which is the highest of all liquids and solids except ammonia. This characteristic enables the oceans to absorb and store vast quantities of heat, thereby often preventing climatic extremes. In addition, water dissolves more substances than any other liquid. It is this characteristic which helps make oceans a great storehouse for minerals which have been washed down from the continents. In several areas of the world these minerals are being commercially exploited. Solar evaporation of salt is widely practiced, potash is extracted from the Dead Sea, and magnesium is produced from sea water along the American Gulf Coast.
(i) The author’s main purpose in this passage is to
(A) describe the properties and uses of water.
(B) illustrate the importance of conserving water.
(C) explain how water is used in commerce and industry.
(D) reveal the extent of the earth’s ocean masses.
(E) compare water with other liquids.
(ii) According to the passage, fish can survive in the oceans because
(A) they do not need oxygen.
(B) ice floats.
(C) evaporation and condensation create a water cycle.
(D) there are currents in the oceans.
(E) water absorbs heat.
(iii) Which of the following characteristics of water does the author mention in the passage ?
I. water expands when it is frozen.
II. water is a good solvent.
III. water can absorb heat.
(A) I only
(B) II only
(C) I & II only
(D) II & III only
(E) I, II & III
(iv) According to the passage, the hydrosphere is NOT
(A) responsible for all forms of life.
(B) able to modify weather.
(C) a source of natural resources.
(D) In danger of freezing over.
(E) the part of the earth covered by water.
(v) The author’s tone in the passage can be best described as
(vi) The author organizes the passage by
(A) comparison and contrast.
(B) juxtaposition of true and untrue ideas.
(C) general statements followed by examples.
(D) hypothesis and proof.
(E) definition of key terms.
(vii) Which of the following statements would be most likely to begin the paragraph immediately following the passage ?
(A) Water has the ability to erode the land.
(B) Magnesium is widely used in metallurgical processes.
(C) Let us consider the great land masses.
(D) Another remarkable property of ice is its strength.
(E) Droughts and flooding are two types of disasters associated with water.
3. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow the passage:
An essay which appeals chiefly to the intellect is Francis Bacon’s “Of Studies”. His careful tripartite division of studies expressed succinctly in aphoristic prose demands the complete attention of the mind of the reader. He considers studies as they should be : for pleasure, for self-improvement, for business. He considers the evils of excess study : laziness, affectation, and preciosity. Bacon divides books into three categories : those to be read in part, those to be read cursorily, and those to be read with care. Studies should include reading, which gives depth; speaking, which adds readiness of thought; and writing, which trains in preciseness. Somewhat mistakenly, the author ascribes certain virtues to individual fields of study : wisdom to history, wit to poetry, subtlety to mathematics, and depth to natural philosophy. Bacon’s four- hundred-word essay, studded with Latin phrases and highly compressed in thought, has intellectual appeal indeed.
(i) Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage, based on its content ?
(A) Francis Bacon and the Appeal of the Essay
(B) “Of Studies” : A Tripartite Division
(C) An Intellectual Exercise : Francis Bacon’s “Of Studies”
(D) The Categorization of Books According to Bacon
(E) A Method of Reading Books
(ii) Which of the following words could best be substituted for “aphoristic” without substantially changing the author’s meaning ?
(iii) The passage suggests that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements ?
(A) “Of Studies” belongs in the category of works that demand to be read with care.
(B) Scholars’ personalities are shaped by the academic discipline in which they are engaged.
(C) It is an affectation to use foreign words in one’s writing.
(D) An author can be more persuasive in along work than in a shorter one.
(E) Studies should be undertaken without thought of personal gain.
4. In each of the following questions, a word printed in capital letters precedes five lettered words or phrases. From these five lettered words or phrases, pick the one most nearly opposite in meaning to the capitalized word.
(i) AFFABLE :
(ii) BIZARRE :
(iii) DIATRIBE :
(iv) LACONIC :
(v) PRODIGAL :
5. In each of the following questions, a word printed in capital letters precedes five lettered words or phrases. From these five lettered words or phrases, pick the one most nearly similar in meaning to the capitalized word.
(i) COPIOUS :
(ii) GARRULOUS :
(iii) PHLEGMATIC :
(iv) TENUOUS :
(v) WINSOME :
6. Below each sentence are five words or sets of words. For each blank pick the word or sets of words that best reflects the overall meaning of the sentence.
(i) Studded starfish are well protected from most______ and parasites by_____ surface whose studs are actually modified spines.
(A) dangers …….. a vulnerable
(B) predators………… an armoured
(C) threats………. a fragile
(D) challenges………. an obtuse
(E) exigencies……… a brittle
(ii) As_______ head of the organization, he attended social functions and civic meetings but had no________ in the formulation of company policy.
(A) Titular……….. voice
(B) Hypothetical……….. vote
(C) Former………. pride
(D) Nominal………. competition
(E) Actual………. say
(iii) His listeners enjoyed his_______ wit but his victims often________ at its satire.
(A) Lugubrious……….. suffered
(B) Caustic……… laughed
(E) Trenchant………… winced
(iv) She is a pragmatist, as_______ to base her future on impractical dreams as she would be to build a castle on shifting sand.
(v) Alec Guinness has few equals among English speaking actors, and in his autobiography he reveals himself to be an uncommonly_____ prose stylist as we 11^
7. Correct the following sentences :
(A) I never have, and never will, do such a thing.
(B) Indu is very amused at your behaviour.
(C) I would rather die than suffering such a disgrace.
(D) I, You and he should attend the meeting.
(E) No sooner did Ram reach the bus stop the bus started.
8. Fill up the blanks with words expressing appropriate comparisons.
(i) As busy as a______.
(ii) As pale as a______.
(iii) As quick as______.
(iv) As silent as the______.
(v) As gentle as a_____.
9. Substitute the following by one word.
(i) A morbid fear of confined spaces.
(ii) Incapable of being effaced.
(iii) One who knows several languages.
(iv) That which is quite harmless.
(v) One who has exaggerated anxiety about one’s health.
10. Answer the following :
(i) In a code, every letter of the alphabet is replaced by some other letter. What will be the code for the name Ram Kumar ?
(A) Ten Ronet
(B) Len Finol
(C) Pen Sinet
(ii) Find the number that logically completes the series.
2, 3, 5, 9, 17, ……..
(iii) A zookeeper was asked to count the number of birds and animals in a zoo. He counted thirty heads and a hundred feet. Find the number of birds and the number of animals in the zoo.
(iv) Insert the missing number :
196 (25) 324
329 (?) 137
(v) Insert the missing number :
11. Answer the following :
(i) Which Article of the Constitution of India provides power to the Parliament to amend the Constitution ?
(ii) 12th March, 1930 is well known in the history of India because this date is associated with –
(A) Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi
(B) Quit India Movement
(C) Partition of Bengal
(D) Non-cooperation Movement
(iii) Who was called the “Iron man of India” ?
(A) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(B) Surendra Nath Banerjee
(C) Lala Lajpat Rai
(D) Bipin Chandra Paul
(iv) Who was known as the “Frontier Gandhi” ?
(A) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
(B) Mahatma Gandhi
(C) Shaukat Ali
(D) Mahammad Ali Jinnah
(v) Which following state of India has rich forests of sandalwood?
(A) Andhra Pradesh
(D) Madhya Pradesh
(vi) Nepanagar in Madhya Pradesh is known for –
(A) Steel mills
(B) Sugar Mills
(C) News print factory
(D) None of the above
(vii) The line demarcating the boundary between India and China in North-Eastern Sector is called –
(A) Radcliffe line
(B) Durand line
(C) McMahon line
(D) Siegfried line
(viii) Sushil Kumar, who is the first Indian to win two individual Olympic medals, won a Silver Medal in the 2012 London Olympics in which of the following events ?
(B) 66 Kg Freestyle wrestling
(C) 60 Kg Freestyle wrestling
(D) 10 m Air Rifle event
(ix) Find the odd one out from the following:
(x) Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched
(A) James Watt : Steam eng
(B) A.G. Bell : Telephone
(C) J.L. Baird : Television
(D) J. Perkins : Penicillin
(xi) Roland Garros is associated with –
(xii) Deodhar Trophy is given in the game of –
(xiii) Who won the 2012 Nobel Prize for literature ?
(A) Serge Haroche
(B) Shinya Yamanaka
(C) Mo Yan
(D) Alvin Roth
(xiv) In the London Olympics 2012, which country won highest number of gold medals ?
(D) Great Britain
(xv) Battle of Kohima during the World War II began on –
(A) 6th of April, 1938
(B) 4th of April, 1940
(C) 4th of October, 1942
(D) 4th of April, 1944