Haryana Judicial 2011 English Question Paper
Haryana Judicial 2011 English Question Paper
Time: 3 Hours Maximum Marks: 200
I. Candidates are required to attempt all questions in the same seriatim as they appear.
II. Marks are indicated against each question.
III. No extra Answer Sheet will be provided.
Q-1: Write an essay on any one of the following topics in 1000-1100 words.
(i) Multi-National Companies (MNCs)- Saviours or Saboteurs
(ii) Nuclear Winter and its Repercussions
(iii) Right to Information-Boon or Bane
(iv) Misinterpretation and Misuse of Freedom in India
(v) When Money Speaks, Truth is Silent? (100 Marks)
Q-2: Make sentences using the following words:-
(i) Reticent (ii) Desolate
(iii) Circumspect (iv) Volition
(v) Gratuitous (vi) Exodus
(vii) Inculcate (vii) Investiture
(ix) Omnibus (x) Maverick (25 Marks)
Q-3: Write a Precis of the following passage, of about one-third of the original length-
Proportional representation has been a subject of heated controversy for more than a hundred years. Since the mid-nineteenth century some democratic theorists have argued that the simple majority system makes genuinely democratic representation impossible and have proposed that such system should be replaced with some kind of proportional representation. The system of proportional representation is well suited to remedy the main defects of the simple majority system . Proportional representation secures representation to the various parties and groups in the State according to their relative strength, and prevents an election from degenerating into a gamble. And, legislature becomes truly a mirror of the State, as it must be in a democracy which professes equality as its very root and foundation. Secondly, it offers an easy and excellent solution of the troublesome question of minority representation as we have to face in our country. Thirdly, every voter and group is represented in the legislature by a real representative and not by one elected by others. Fourthly, by a process of choice and elimination, it ensures intellectual qualities in the representatives and therefore elevates the character and usefulness of the legislature. Fifthly, it is a better instrument of political education, particularly the exercise of a single transferable vote brings with it good political education, because voter cannot assign his preferences without a serious reflection on the important political issues of the day, and on the merits and shortcomings of the various candidates. Sixthly, this system prevents the capture by one party of overwhelming majority of seats in the legislature and thereby prevents any sudden and radical changes in the constitution which such a majority party in the legislature might successfully introduce. Lastly, there is little wastage of votes in this system. In other words, it may eliminate wastage of votes. Thus, on principle, there is much to commend it.
There is no doubt that proportional representation has certain disadvantages too. First of all, the system is highly complicated and difficult for the voters, particularly the illiterate ones to follow. The process of counting of votes is also highly difficult and complicated. Secondly, it leads to political fragmentation and Governmental instability. It tends to multiply parties on the basis of caste, religion, languages or other interests. Every minor party or small group is encouraged to retain its own individuality instead of amalgamating or merging itself with allied groups to form a single party. The natural consequences of the presence of large number of parties or groups in the legislature is fragile coalition Governments which fall whenever any one section withdraws its support. This system thus leads to unstable Governments. However, proliferation of political parties is a feature of Indian politics and that the existing electoral system, i.e. the simple majority system has not been able to reduce the number of political parties in the country. It is, therefore, obvious that any electoral system can result into coalition Governments. The difference which proportional representation makes is that the coalitions are of parties and not of individual defectors, who have brought bad name to the coalition experience. It is easier for parties to coalesce than amorphous individuals or unattached members of legislatures. Some coalition Governments remained unstable in the Indian States, not because of inter-party competition, but because of inter-party factionalism and unprincipled support of independent legislators. Thirdly, it encourages ‘minority thinking’ and ‘class legislation’ harmful to national integration. By insisting on minority representation it encourages minority to think only of their interests. They consider every question from the point of view of their own interests, and neglect the common interests of all classes of people. It is obvious that a legislature elected on this basis represents a number of isolated interests, it hardly helps to form the general will of the nation. (25 Marks)
Q-4: Read the following para and answer the questions given below in context thereof:-
Historians have long recognized the Japanese sword as one of the finest cutting weapons ever created. But to consider the sword that is synonymous with the Samurai as merely a weapon is to ignore what makes it so special. The Japanese sword has always been considered a splendid weapon and even a spiritual entity. The traditional Japanese saying “The sword is the soul of the samural” not only reflects the sword’s importance to its wielder but also is indicative of its importance to its creator, the master smith.
Master smiths may not have been considered artists in the classical sense, but every one of them took great care in how he created a sword, and no sword was created in exactly the same way. The forging process of the blade itself took hundreds of hours as two types of steel were heated, hammered and folded together many a times. This created a blade consisting of thousands of very thin layers that had an extremely sharp and durable cutting edge; at the same time, the blade was flexible and therefore less likely to break. It was common, though optional, for a master smith to place a physical signature on a blade; in addition, every master smith had a “structural signature’ due to his own secret forging process. Each master smith brought a high level of devotion, skill, and attention to detail to the sword-making process, and the sword itself was a reflection of his personal honour and ability. This effort made each blade as unique as the samurai who wielded it; today the Japanese sword is recognized as much for its artistic merit as for its historical significance.
Q. 5 The Questions are:-
(1) Does the passage consider Japanese sword as merely a weapon?
(2) What can be inferred about the term “structural signature” in the passage?
(3) What does the traditional Japanese saying reflect?
(4) Whether the master smiths have been considered artists?
(5) Describe briefly the forging process of the blade? (25 Marks)
Q-6:- Fill in the blanks and complete the sentence by using the correct alternative out of (a), (b), (c) and (d):-
1. They still think that women are inferior ________men.
a. To b. Than c. From d. With
2. The river overflowed its _______ and flooded the area.
a. edges b. fronts c. limits d. banks.
3. His father-in-law__________him up in business.
a. put b. made c. set d. built
4. The robbers were arrested and _________prison yesterday.
a. Brought into b. brought to c. taken into d. taken to
5. We had a ________of warm weather in February.
a. time b. spell c. length d. phase
6. He lives near a lovely _________of countryside.
a. Length b. piece c. Section d. Stretch
7. I ________ a car to be absolutely necessary these days.
a. consider b. regard c. think d. agree
8. Once you suspect a person of double dealing, you ought to keep him at an arm’s __________
a. distance b. length c. aim d. width
9. To reach the agreement, each side had to _________ by giving up some of its demands.
a. Compliment b. Compensate c. Compromise d. comply
10. Relationship between those two has never been very ________ and became very bad in the last few days.
a. Warm b. Close c. Clear d. Agitated e. Cordial (25 Marks)